Sushi is one of the most unique and famous Japanese cuisine in the world. It is made from seasoned rice, seafood, seaweed and other ingredients, such as, Japanese raw fish, shrimp, octopus, Japanese omelet, avocado, etc.

The history of sushi began in antiquity around hundreds of years ago. Originally, sushi in the old days did not have the same style as the present. The Japanese in those days made sushi by seasoning rice with salt, molding and put a small fermented fish on the top of the rice. It is said that this Japanese eating style culture is influenced by countries in Southeast Asia, especially Thailand and Laos. After that, the style of sushi has changed and become popular until this day.

Types of Sushi

There are two main types of Japanese sushi; Edomae Sushi and Kansai Sushi.

Edomae Sushi

An edo (Tokyo) style sushi which have a variety kind of toppings. The most popular Edomae sushi is “Nigiri sushi”

Kansai Sushi

A traditional sushi in Kansai region which centered in Osaka. There is not much toppings as Edomae sushi. The most popular Kansai sushi is “Hakozushi”

In addition to the two main types of sushi, other types of Japanese sushi are as follows:


One of edo style sushi made from seasoned rice (vinegar rice), making into oval shaped and topping with raw fresh seafood and wrap with seaweed sometimes.


A rolled sushi made of seaweed, seasoned rice and topping. Maki sushi is divided into three different types by method. There are seaweed roll, rice roll and cone-shaped hand roll.


The simple sushi which has the easiest making method. Just take it easy by scooping seasoned rice into plate or bowl, then topping with raw fish, seafood, egg and vegetables.


Sushi that made by bringing rice mold into fried tofu. It is usually eat with side dish, such as seaweed, Japanese omlette, etc.


The traditional sushi from Osaka. Made by placing seasoned rice and toppings in the wooden box and cutting in square shaped.

Types of Sushi Restaurant

There are two main types of sushi restaurants in Japan: Single Sushi Restaurant and Kaiten Sushi or Conveyor Belt Sushi Restaurant.

Single Sushi Restaurant

Mainly consisting of bar seats and some table seats. Dining in this single sushi restaurant is like other types. You have to start by ordering your menu with chef or waiter directly.

Kaiten Sushi Restaurant (Conveyor Belt Sushi)

A Japanese self-service sushi restaurant. There is a big conveyor belt with sushi plates run around restaurant. You can pick any sushi plates you want from the conveyor belt. However, before picking any plate you have to be careful because this sushi restaurant type mostly divided price with plate color. Staff will count on the plates and give you a payment bill at the table.

Sushi Etiquette

The following lists are some sushi eating etiquette in Japan:

  • Do not wear perfume in sushi restaurant. Not only the smell of too-strong perfume will make you miss the real Japanese sushi taste, but you will also unintentionally disturb other customers.
  • Start with the light flavors, such as, shiromi sushi, to the strong flavors step by step is the best way for experiencing authentic sushi taste. However, you can also choose any sushi you want and follow with pickled ginger or drink tea to change the taste in your mouth before eating the next one.
  • You can experience sushi taste like Japanese by using chopsticks or hand. If you want to dip with shoyu, use the topping side for nigiri sushi, seaweed side for maki sushi or eat with pickled ginger.
  • Eat sushi as soon as served. The authentic sushi taste may change if left only a minute.
  • Sushi should be eaten within one bite, but should not open too much mouth.
  • If sushi has an extra size, you can eat a half of sushi rice first. Then use topping wrap the remaining rice and bring it into your mouth.
  • Order sushi just you eat. Do not order too much and leave too long on the table.