The following lists are official holidays in Japan which Government Agencies and State Enterprises, Public Service and Private Companies are closed.
|January 1st||New Year’s Day|
|2nd Monday of January||Coming of Age Day|
|February 11th||National Foundation Day|
|March 21st (or March 20th)||Spring Equinox|
|April 29th*||Showa Day|
|May 3rd*||Constitution Memorial Day|
|May 4th*||Greenery Day|
|May 5th*||Children’s Day|
|3rd Monday of July||Sea Day|
|3rd Monday of September||Respect for the Aged Day|
|September 23rd (or September 24th)||Autumn Equinox|
|2nd Monday of October||Sports Day|
|November 3rd||Culture Day|
|November 23rd||Labor Thanksgiving Day|
|December 23rd||Emperor’s Birthday|
Note: *Golden Week
Japan Holidays Condition
- If a holiday falls on Sunday, Monday will be a compensatory holiday.
- If a weekday between two holidays, this weekday will be an officially holiday.
What is Golden Week?
Golden Week (ゴールデンウィーク) is a collection of four national holidays within seven days; April 29th and May 3rd – 5th.
● April 29th – Showa Day
Showa Day (昭和の日) is set to be a Japanese annual holiday in honor of the birthday of Emperor Showa (Hirohito). The purpose of the holiday is to encourage public to remember the historical events that occurred during the 63 years of the Showa period. For example, the end of the Taisho Democracy, the 1931 Japanese invasion of Manchuria, a period of “government by assassination” including the attempted coups, the beginning of fascism, World War II, the post-war occupation and the Japanese post-war economic miracle.
● May 3rd – Constitution Memorial Day
May 3rd – Constitution Memorial Day (憲法記念日) is the Remembrance Day of Japan’s founding of the first constitution after World War II in 1947.
● May 4th – Greenery Day
The Greenery Day is the day to commune with nature and to be thankful for blessings. Originally, this day was scheduled to be April 29th, but due to the Japan holidays condition, the weekday that between two holidays will be an officially holiday. So after the revision of the law, the Greenery Day moved to May 4th and effective from 2006.
● May 5th – Children’s Day
May 5th is designated as Japanese Children’s Day (こどもの日). The symbol of this day is a colorful carp-shaped wind socks, include father, mother and their children. Japanese people usually decorate their house with this wind socks on children’s day in honor of children for a good future and in the hope that they will grow up healthy and strong.
Golden Week is a value relaxing time for Japanese people who have tried from studying or working. They usually traveling or spending time with their family. Moreover, the Golden Week is also a week with many interesting festivals, such as, Music Festival, Provincial Festival, Food Festival, etc.
Although the date mentioned above is a public holiday on the calendar, some private companies may have the additional conditions for their staff. For example, the staffs that have to work on the Golden Week’s event can use their holiday after the work finished. So before planning your holidays in Japan, do not forget to re-confirm with your school or company.