When thinking about Japan, most people are reminded of cool weather during cherry blossoms in spring, fall foliage in autumn or snow fall in winter. However, the high temperature in Japan summer is not different from other countries in tropic zone. For this reason, it caused heat stroke in Japanese people every year. Here, we will introduce you about heat stroke in Japan summer.
Heat Stroke (Hyperthermia) is a physical condition that often occurs during hot weather. It is usually occurs while playing outdoor sports or when going out.
●Heat Stroke Symptoms
- Headache and dizziness
- Muscle cramps
- Weakness, nausea and vomiting
- Heavy sweat
- Hot, flushed skin with high fever
●Heat Stroke Prevention and Preparedness
The prevention and heat stroke preparedness are as follows:
1. Get body strong to the hot weather
- Drink plenty of water because staying hydrated will help your body sweat and maintain a normal body temperature.
- Stay in airy places which have fan or air conditioner in a suitable temperature.
- Always take care of your health by eating healthy food and getting enough sleep.
2. Heat stroke preparedness in daily life
- Control temperature and humidity in your house. Keep your house always airy.
- Cool your room by choosing suitable fan or air conditioner.
- Wear loose-fitting, lightweight clothing or suitable clothes for summer.
- Avoid sunlight by wearing hat or walk in the shade as much as possible.
- Carry the cooler, such as body cooling sheet, body water lotion, body spray, or cooling sunscreen lotion, etc.
3. Preventing yourself when entering the high temperature place
- Carry bottles of water with you when leaving home.
- If you can’t avoid activity in hot weather, try to schedule the activities in the cooler parts of the day, such as, early morning and evening. If you cannot change schedule, you should rest frequently in a cool spot or an airy place.
●First Aid for Heat Stroke
If you found someone has heat stroke illness, you can follow these basic steps for first aid:
1. Get the person into the cool place, such as the room or car with air conditioning or the airy shade place that out of the sun.
2. Lower body temperature by applying cold wet clothes or ice packs to the armpits, neck, and groin. Then, fan air across the person to increase cooling.
3. Call 119. If the person is unconsciousness or vomiting do not give the person anything to drink. If the person experiences seizures, keep him or her safe from injury and call 119 for emergency medical services.